The Rich Tradition of Agriculture in Goa

Agriculture in Goa

Agriculture in Goa: A Green Symphony


Have a look the rich agricultural heritage on the mesmerising journey of Goa. Uncover the vibrant tapestry of agriculture in Goa, blending tradition and innovation. Discover a unique slice of India’s agrarian landscape.

Nestled on the picturesque West Coast of India, Goa, a petite state spanning 3610 sq. km, is a testament to nature’s bounty. Enclosed by the Sahyadri Mountains to the east and the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa’s diverse landscape harbours a rich treasure of biodiversity. A former Portuguese colony for 450 years, it gained liberation in 1961.

1. Progress Over 50 Years:

Since liberation, Goa has undergone a remarkable agricultural transformation. Despite a Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Rs. 80,000 per annum, agriculture remains a pivotal contributor, supporting nearly 12 lakhs of the population. While tourism and mining dominate employment, agriculture, in conjunction with forests, plays a vital role in maintaining Goa’s lush green cover, spanning nearly 65% of the state.

2. Cropping Evolution:

Post-liberation, agriculture sustained nearly 70% of the population as a full-time occupation. Paddy, Cashew, and Coconut were predominant crops. Over time, the cropping pattern has evolved, with Cashew cultivation covering almost 55,000 Ha and paddy approximately 31,000 Ha. The cultivation of horticultural crops is gaining prominence due to better returns, lower risks, and adaptability for part-time farming.

3. Climate & Rainfall:

Goa welcomes the South-West monsoons, receiving an average rainfall of 2800 mm over four months from June to September. The warm and humid tropical climate, with summer temperatures ranging from 24°C to 36°C and winter temperatures hovering between 21°C and 30°C, creates an ideal environment for diverse agricultural practices.

4. Land Diversity & Irrigation Methods:

Goa’s soils, mostly lateritic (81%), vary from sandy loam to silt-loam, providing a fertile foundation. The state embraces diverse land types like Khazan, Ker, and Morod, each serving specific agricultural purposes. Traditional irrigation methods involving storage tanks, diversion bandharas, springs, and wells have evolved post-liberation, with the introduction of “lift irrigation schemes” and projects like Salaulim and Anjunem significantly expanding irrigated areas.

5. Noteworthy Crops & Agricultural Development Programmes:

Goa boasts a vibrant array of crops, including fruits, field crops, vegetables, flowers, spices, and tubers. The Department of Agriculture, headquartered in Tonca, Panaji, spearheads developmental programs through zonal agricultural offices and plant production centers. With a focus on small land holdings, the state supports farmers through financial assistance, ensuring the cultivation of various crops and guaranteeing support prices.

6. Agro Processing, Marketing & Agro Tourism:

Agro processing industries like cashew kernel processing and Feni extraction, along with fruit processing, add value to agricultural produce. Marketing is facilitated through government market yards, co-operative societies, private dealers, and local markets. Goa’s agrarian landscape is not just about cultivation; it’s an emerging agro eco-tourism destination, with farmers combining agriculture with spice plantations, horticulture, and floriculture, offering a serene escape for visitors.

7. Celebrating 50 Years of Agricultural Progress:

A glance at the progress since liberation showcases exponential growth in crops like Arecanut, Banana, Cashewnut, Coconut, Groundnut, Paddy, and more, highlighting Goa’s commitment to agricultural advancement.

In summary, Goa’s agriculture is a harmonious blend of tradition and innovation, sustaining livelihoods, preserving nature, and inviting all to witness the flourishing green symphony.

Visit Goa, Explore Nature’s Bounty in Every Crop!

For more agricultural insights, contact the Department of Agriculture:
Directorate of Agriculture,

Address: Tonca, Panaji, Goa

Goa, with its fertile soil and favorable climate, supports the cultivation of various crops. The agricultural practices in Goa are diverse, ranging from traditional farming methods to modern techniques. Here are some of the crops commonly grown in Goa:

50 Years of Progress in Agriculture Since Liberation:


Director Message


Nevil Alphonso Director of Agriculture

In the dynamic landscape of agriculture, we acknowledge the evolving challenges and opportunities. Shifting from subsistence to high-value commercial farming, Goa's agriculture embraces innovation, mechanization, and high-value crops. Our commitment is not just self-sufficiency but elevating farmers' income through sustainable techniques. Embracing technology, we aim to transform challenges into opportunities, ensuring transparency, efficiency, and accessibility in our services.

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